April 17, 2009

John H. E. Fried Papers

The Department of Special Collections announces the completion of the John H. E. Fried Papers online finding aid, part of the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collections.

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Fried, a lawyer, professor and human rights activist, came to the United States in 1938 from Vienna, Austria shortly after its annexation by Hitler. Upon his arrival in New York in the summer of 1938, Fried joined the Institute for Social Research of Columbia University and wrote three highly acclaimed books (The Guilt of the German Army, 1942; The Significance of Democracy: Constitutional Developments and Labor Relations in Austria, 1944; and The Exploitation of Foreign Labor by Germany, 1945).

In January of 1947, the U.S. War Department requested Fried's services for a three-month survey of certain aspects of the law of war, and to serve as Consultant to the U.S. Secretary of War, assigned to the U.S. War Crimes Tribunals in Nuremberg, Germany. In March 1947, Fried was asked to remain in Nuremberg as Special Legal Consultant to the U.S. Judges at the trials, to advise on questions relating to all aspects of the law of war and war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes against peace, as well as many other questions of international law. The proceedings of the 12 trials were published in 14 volumes, Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals (Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1950-1953), with the introduction to each of the twelve cases stating: "John H. E. Fried, Special Legal Consultant to the Tribunals, reviewed and approved the selection and arrangement of the material as the designated representative of the Nuremberg Military Tribunals."

Over the next three decades, Fried held academic positions at the City College of New York, Columbia University, Pittsburgh University, the New School for Social Research (NY), and from 1968 until his retirement as Professor of Political Science at the Lehman College, Graduate Faculty of the City University of New York. He continued to serve the international community, working for the United Nations in various capacities, as Legal Officer and Program Officer of the Technical Assistance Administration of the U.N., as Legal Advisor (on international law) to the Government of Nepal, and lastly as U.N. Non-Governmental Organization Representative of the Foundation for the Establishment of an International Criminal Court.

September 22, 2008

Paul Leser Papers

The Department of Special Collections announces the completion of the finding aid for the Paul Leser Papers. Leser held positions at the Frankfurter Bund für Volksbildung and at the Ethnological Museum in Frankfurt, Germany before becoming a Privatdozent for Ethnology at the Darmstadt Institute of Technology. During this time period he became involved in the case against Dr. Julius Lips of the Raustenstrauch-Joest Museum, who was accused by Leser and others of plagiarizing from the works of Graebner, Schmidt, and Koppers. The case dragged on until 1933, when many of the participants were removed from their positions by the Nazis. Though the case took up much of his time in the early 1930's, his main interest was his own work on the history of the plow. In 1931, his most renowned work Entstehunq und Verbreitung des Pfluges was published (it was eventually reprinted in Denmark in 1971).
In 1936, because of the increasingly hostile political climate in Germany, Leser was forced to immigrate to Sweden. He took a position as translator for Folk-Liv in Stockholm. In 1941, he immigrated to the United States. Leser served in the United States Army in North Africa, Sicily, and Italy from 1942-1945. After the war, and a brief stint as a civilian employee at the U.S. War Department, Leser returned to the world of academia. Beginning in 1947, he held positions as Professor of Anthropology at Olivet College in Michigan, Black Mountain College in North Carolina, and The Hartford Seminary Foundation in Connecticut.

The Paul Leser Papers consist of 95 cubic feet of materials, 1850-1984. The collection, rich in family history, documents, and correspondence, documents not only the life and career of anthropologist Paul Leser, but also contains materials pertaining to Leser’s sister, Maria Lingemann and her husband Heinrich Lingemann, and earlier members of the Leser family. Although the collection contains correspondence between Paul and his brother, Albert (Leser) Lestoque, a separate collection, the Albert (Leser) Lestoque Papers, documents the life and career of Paul Leser’s brother as well as providing additional Leser family documents and material.

In addition to numerous family materials and related correspondence, the collection also contains: Leser’s vast correspondence with fellow anthropologists and ethnologists, colleagues, students, and life-long friends; a sizable reprint collection; manuscripts, typescripts and published versions of Leser’s own writings; course notes, materials and student files. Two series in the collection of special interest to researchers are the materials pertaining to the ethnologist and mentor of Paul Leser, Fritz Graeber, and the collection of materials pertaining to Julius Lips.

See the Paul Leser Papers Finding Aid

January 18, 2007

New Collections in the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection


Below are abstracts for collections recently added to the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection. The complete list of Émigré collections is available here.

AUFBAU (NY) (1939-2005), German-Jewish newspaper
Collection, 1957-1998, 6 cubic ft.
Bound copies of "Wiedergutmachung" section of the newspaper, 1957-1977; unbound issues, 1980s-1990s; articles, theses, and other publications written about the Aufbau.

BLUMENTHAL, FRITZ (1913-2002), physician, painter, printmaker
Papers, 1922-2002, 7 cubic ft.
Family and personal documents; correspondence, 1930-1996; clippings; manuscripts and typescripts of poetry, as well as published poems; sketchbooks; correspondence and clippings concerning exhibitions of Blumenthal's art (water colors and monotypes); materials and correspondence on radioactive fallout from the 1950s and 1960s. Fritz Blumenthal came to the U.S. in 1938 after having received his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1937 from the University of Bern, Switzerland. Although Blumenthal remained a practicing physician, he continued to write poetry, paint and produce monoprints and his work was exhibited throughout the U.S. and Europe during his lifetime.

FODOR, LADISLAUS (1898-1978), playwright
Papers, 1941-1980, 2 cubic ft.
Correspondence; playscripts, film treatments and synopses (originals and photocopies), in Hungarian, German and English. The main collection of Fodor's papers is at the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek, Frankfurt am Main.

GLUECKSOHN-WAELSCH, SALOMÉ (1907- ), geneticist
Papers, 1928-1998, 27 cubic ft.
Correspondence; personal documents, including awards, citations, diplomas; grant applications; reviews; publications; National Academy of Science files; conference, seminar and lecture materials; photographs; extensive reprint collection in the field of genetics. Dr. Waelsch received her Ph.D. from the University of Freiburg, Germany in 1932, but was forced to flee Hitler Germany one year later with her first husband, biochemist Rudolf Schoenheimer. Her first position in the U.S. came in 1936 as a Research Associate at Columbia University, a position she held for nineteen years. Finally, in 1955, she was offered a full-time faculty position in the Department of Genetics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. In 1979, Waelsch was elected to the National Academy of Sciences and in 1993, she was awarded the National Medal of Science.

HUTSCHNECKER, ARNOLD (1898-2000), psychoanalyst, psychotherapist
Papers, 1925-1994, 5 cubic ft.
Correspondence, including copies of letter to and from Richard M. Nixon; publications by Hutschnecker; newspaper clippings; diaries; photographs; Richard Nixon materials, including a copy of Hutschnecker's unpublished typescript, "Richard Nixon: His Rise to Power – His Self Defeat." Arnold Hutschnecker, the author of the bestseller The Will to Live, became Richard Nixon's personal therapist in 1952 and remained his personal friend and consultant through Nixon's years in the White House.

KRISTELLER, PAUL OSKAR (1905-1999), Renaissance scholar, philosopher
Publications, 1938-1978, 1 cubic ft.
Reprint collection of Kristeller's publications, 1938-1978. The main collection of Kristeller's papers is located at Columbia University, New York.

LEDERER, WALTHER (1908-200?), economist
Papers, 1929-2003, 7 cubic ft.
Publications of Walther Lederer; publications of his uncle, Emil Lederer; correspondence between Walther and his first wife, Ruth Klein Lederer, 1929-1931; personal documents. Walther Lederer came to the U.S. in 1933 and, after completing postgraduate work at the University of Iowa, held teaching positions at Hunter College in New York, the University of Delaware in Newark, and Queens College in New York. In 1942, Lederer accepted his first position in Washington, D.C. as an economist for the Board of Economic Welfare. In October 1945, he moved to the U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Balance of Payments Division, and in May 1954 became Chief of the Division. Lederer continued in that position until 1969.

LEHR, DAVID (1910- ), pharmacologist
Papers, 1935-2005, 3 cubic ft.
Typescripts and original materials used for Dr. Lehr's autobiographical account, Austria Before and After the Anschluss (1998); correspondence and documentation concerning legal cases; memorabilia of his teacher and mentor Dr. Ernst Peter Pick; documents; newspaper clippings; publications. Dr. Lehr, who emigrated to the U.S. in 1939, was a full-time faculty member of the New York Medical College for 43 years and served as the first Chairman of the Department of Pharmacology for 25 years.

LIEPMANN, KLAUS (1907-1990), violinist, conductor
Papers, 1933-1990, 1 cubic ft.
Photographs; clippings; recordings of Klaus Liepmann (violin) and as conductor of M.I.T. orchestra and choral groups; copies of unpublished short writings on musical topics, as well as longer typescripts including "Music at M.I.T.," Liepmann's autobiography "Fifty Years in America," as well as a biography of his father, Moritz Liepmann. Liepmann was considered the "Father of Music" at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He was the first to bring music to the humanities department there and became the first full-time director of music and conductor of the M.I.T. choral society and orchestra.

RIESER, MAX (1893-1981), philosopher
Publications, 1940-1976, .33 cu.ft.
Reprints and photocopies of publications of Max Rieser.

ROSENHAUPT, HANS (1911-1985), educator, administrator
Papers, 1932-1983, .33 cubic ft.
Photocopies of articles, speeches, short stories, newspaper clippings and tributes, 1932-1983. Hans Rosenhaupt, who came to the U.S. in 1935, taught at Colorado and Knox Colleges, and was Director of Admissions at Columbia University, 1948-1958. From 1958-1981, Rosenhaupt served first as National Director, and later as President of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation.

October 18, 2006

Images now available at Flickr

The Department has created an account over at Flickr for sharing images from current events and programs. All images from the Department's collections that are available in digital form will continue to be available only in the University at Albany Libraries' Digital Collections database, so if you are looking for images from your commencement in 1975 you won't find them at the Flickr page.

October 11, 2006

Exhibit: Intellectuals in Exile

The exhibit Intellectuals in Exile is now on display in the lobby of the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives (October 11-December 31, 2006; University Library January-May 31, 2007). The exhibit includes items drawn from the collections of several individuals in the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection including Karl O. Paetel, Benedikt Dolbin, Roy C. Bates (Kurt Bauchwitz), Walter Maria Kotschnig, and others. The exhibit was curated by Mary Osielski and Sandy Hawrylchak with preservation assistance by Katie Mullen. The exhibit coincides with Thursday’s program "University in Exile: Refugee Scholars, the New School for Social Research, and the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection" at 4pm in the Standish Room of the Science Library.

Update: An abridged version of the exhibit Intellectuals in Exile is now on display in the lobby of the University Library through May 2007.

September 22, 2006

Arnold Brecht Papers

Just in time for the anniversary of his receipt of the New School Graduate Faculty Founders Medal on September 25th, the Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives is pleased to announce that the finding aid for the papers of Arnold Brecht is now available.

Brecht was a Prussian official who was dismissed after defying Hitler in the last free speech in the German parliament. He was a professor of political science, public finance, and international law at the New School for Social Research. His principal work was Political Theory (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1959). The collection is primarily copies of original documents including letters and printed materials housed at the Bundesarchiv in Koblenz, Germany and is divided into six series: 1) Biographical and autobiographical materials, family documents, 1865-1974; 2) Correspondence, 1905-1976; 3) Writings of Arnold Brecht, 1904-1976; 4) Course and lecture notes, notes and clippings on various lecture topics, 1935-1963; 5) Writings by others, 1939-1974; and 6) Collections of materials (primarily clippings) on topics of interest. The writings of Brecht (Series 3) have been further divided into two Sub-series: 1) Full-length (book) publications, 1906-1974; and 2) Essayistic and literary writings, 1904-1976.

Continue reading "Arnold Brecht Papers" »

August 9, 2006

German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection Program on October 12

The program "University in Exile: Refugee Scholars, the New School for Social Research, and the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection" sponsored by the University Libraries, Center for Jewish Studies, and the College of Arts and Sciences will be presented on Thursday, October 12, 2006, in the Standish Room of the Science Library.

The program will include: Dr. Claus-Dieter Krohn’s discussion of this unique period of immigration; Dr. Johannes Evelein’s discussion of the role of émigré writers in American intellectual history; and Dr. John M. Spalek’s discussion of the founding and growth of the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection at the University at Albany Libraries. Additional information about the program is available at

The German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection in the M.E. Grenander Department of Special Collections and Archives presently consists of more than 1,500 cubic feet of personal papers, organizational records, political pamphlets, tape recordings, photographs, and related research materials documenting the German intellectual exodus of the 1930s and 1940s. Additional information about the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collection is available at

Update: photos from the program are available at the Grenander Department's Flickr account. Take a look and add us as a contact!