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Finding Aid Available Online for the John Fried Papers

The Department of Special Collections announces the completion of the John H. E. Fried Papers online finding aid, part of the German and Jewish Intellectual Émigré Collections. The John H. E. Fried Papers consist of 40 cubic feet of materials and includes his professional correspondence, copies of his published and unpublished writings (manuscripts, typescripts, reprints and books), texts of numerous speeches and lectures (published and unpublished), personal documents, teaching materials, as well as Fried's research collections on topics relating to global human rights problems and remedies.

Fried, a lawyer, professor and human rights activist, came to the United States in 1938 from Vienna, Austria shortly after its annexation by Hitler. In March 1947, Fried was asked to remain in Nuremberg as Special Legal Consultant to the U.S. Judges at the trials, to advise on questions relating to all aspects of the law of war and war crimes, crimes against humanity and crimes against peace, as well as many other questions of international law. The proceedings of the 12 trials were published in 14 volumes, Trials of War Criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals. His work in this area spanned more than four decades, from his service as Consultant to the Nuremberg judges through his later membership on the Lawyers Committee on Nuclear Policy, and includes his time at the International Labour Organization in Montreal, Canada, as well as his affiliations with the United Nations, working as a legal consultant to the governments of Somalia and Nepal.

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